The Old Testament reading for Friday, October 19 is:

Daniel 9:1–14 (Listen)

Daniel's Prayer for His People

9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, by descent a Mede, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans—in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, perceived in the books the number of years that, according to the word of the LORD to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the end of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.

Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. I prayed to the LORD my God and made confession, saying, “O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, we have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. To you, O Lord, belongs righteousness, but to us open shame, as at this day, to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, those who are near and those who are far away, in all the lands to which you have driven them, because of the treachery that they have committed against you. To us, O LORD, belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you. To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him 10 and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God by walking in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. 11 All Israel has transgressed your law and turned aside, refusing to obey your voice. And the curse and oath that are written in the Law of Moses the servant of God have been poured out upon us, because we have sinned against him. 12 He has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us and against our rulers who ruled us,1 by bringing upon us a great calamity. For under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what has been done against Jerusalem. 13 As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this calamity has come upon us; yet we have not entreated the favor of the LORD our God, turning from our iniquities and gaining insight by your truth. 14 Therefore the LORD has kept ready the calamity and has brought it upon us, for the LORD our God is righteous in all the works that he has done, and we have not obeyed his voice.

Footnotes

[1] 9:12 Or our judges who judged us

(ESV)


English Standard Version: Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Text provided by the Crossway Bibles Web Service.

Old Testament Pastoral Commentary for Daniel 9:1-14
Author: Pastor Bob Nordlie
It was 538 BC. when Daniel came to understand from Scripture that the 70 years before the exile would end were drawing to a close. Daniel went to God in prayer confessing the sins of his people that caused God's wrath to be poured out on them. Daniel admitted that his people had not listened to the prophets. The contrast between God and His people was stark: "To you, O Lord, belongs righteousness, but to us open shame." Daniel understood their utter dependence on the "mercy and forgiveness" that belong to God alone. Daniel acknowledged that they were only receiving the "curse and oath" that God threatened to pour out on His people in the book of Deuteronomy if they sinned against Him. The wrath of God against His chosen people was unlike any other, "for under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what has been done against Jerusalem." Daniel knew that his people needed to acknowledge their sin for they had "not entreated the favor of the LORD our God, turning from our iniquities and gaining insight by your truth." It was time for repentance and confession, well past that time, in fact!